# Re: [tlaplus] Simple exercise: hanoi

Hi,

Once we've done this, we can simplify the spec even further by moving all of the towers into a single towers sequence, where each indice of towers is one of the three towers. Then we can make Next simpler:

Init ==
towers = <<
<< 1, 2, 3, 4 >>,
<<>>,
<<>>
>>

Next == \E t1, t2 \in DOMAIN towers:
t1 /= t2 /\ Move(t1, t2)

Modifying Move is left as an exercise to the reader :)

H

On 3/21/2020 6:30 AM, Stephan Merz wrote:
Hello,

the spec looks quite reasonable, and in order to find a solution to the Tower of Hanoi problem you'd check the invariant

c # <<1,2,3,4>>

so that TLC gives you a solution as a counter-example. Two remarks:

1. The operator Compare is used only when the first parameter is non-empty, but you could be more "defensive" by checking this explicitly. I'll redefine it to simplify what follows:

Compare(x,y) ==
/\ ~ Empty(x)

2. All actions have the same shape, so you could have defined a single action

\* move the head of sequence x to y provided Compare(x,y) holds, and leave z unchanged
Move(x,y,z) ==
/\ Compare(x,y)
/\ x' = Tail(x) /\ y' = Cons(Head(x), y) /\ z'=z

Next ==
\/ Move(a,b,c) \/ Move(a,c,b)
\/ Move(b,a,c) \/ Move(b,c,a)
\/ Move(c,a,b) \/ Move(c,b,a)

Regards,
Stephan

On 21 Mar 2020, at 12:06, Emanuel Koczwara <emanuel.koczwara@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:

Hi,

This is my first complete and working specification. I'll be grateful for your comments.

------------------------------- MODULE hanoi -------------------------------

EXTENDS Integers, Sequences

VARIABLES a, b, c

Empty(seq) == Len(seq) <= 0

Cons(elem, seq) == << elem >> \o seq

Compare(first, second) == ~Empty(second) /\ Head(first) < Head(second)

AB == /\ ~Empty(a)
/\ Empty(b) \/ Compare(a, b)
/\ a' = Tail(a) /\ b' = Cons(Head(a), b) /\ c' = c

AC == /\ ~Empty(a)
/\ Empty(c) \/ Compare(a, c)
/\ a' = Tail(a) /\ b' = b /\ c' = Cons(Head(a), c)

BA == /\ ~Empty(b)
/\ Empty(a) \/ Compare(b, a)
/\ a' = Cons(Head(b), a) /\ b' = Tail(b) /\ c' = c

BC == /\ ~Empty(b)
/\ Empty(c) \/ Compare(b, c)
/\ a' = a /\ b' = Tail(b) /\ c' = Cons(Head(b), c)

CA == /\ ~Empty(c)
/\ Empty(a) \/ Compare(c, a)
/\ a' = Cons(Head(c), a) /\ b' = b /\ c' = Tail(c)

CB == /\ ~Empty(c)
/\ Empty(b) \/ Compare(c, b)
/\ a' = a /\ b' = Cons(Head(c), b) /\ c' = Tail(c)

Init == /\ a = << 1, 2, 3, 4 >>
/\ b = <<>>
/\ c = <<>>

Next == AB \/ AC \/ BA \/ BC \/ CA \/ CB

Spec == Init /\ [][Next]_<<a, b, c>>

=============================================================================

Please note: the goal was to make it as simple as possible, I've done it together with my son, to show him how math and computers can solve real world problems.

Best regards,
Emanuel

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