Thanks for the explanations. This operator (I renamed it to Shuffle for lack of a better name) could be defined as follows.Range(f) == {f[x] : x \in DOMAIN f}(***************************************************************************) (* If Sets is a set of (non-empty) sets then Choice(Sets) is the set of    *)(* all choice functions over Sets, that is, functions that associate some  *)(* with every set in Sets.                                                 *) (***************************************************************************) Choice(Sets) == { f \in [Sets -> UNION Sets] : \A S \in Sets : f[S] \in S }(***************************************************************************) (* Compute all sets that contain one element from each of the input sets:  *)(* Shuffle({{1,2}, {3,4}, {5}}) = {{1,3,5}, {1,4,5}, {2,3,5}, {2,4,5}}     *)(***************************************************************************) Shuffle(Sets) == { Range(f) : f \in Choice(Sets) }Regards,StephanOn 20 Oct 2020, at 14:09, Mariusz Ryndzionek wrote:Okay, so I wasn't specific enough. I know that \X in TLA+ is not commutative and in fact not even associative.I wanted something that would give me:Cartesian({{1, 2}, {3, 4}, {5}}) = {{1, 3, 5}, {1, 4, 5}, {2, 3, 5}, {2, 4, 5}}Your last definition works in TLC. Thanks Stephan!Is the Range operator defined somewhere in official/builtin modules?Range(f) == { f[x] : x \in DOMAIN f }Regarding overriding in Java, is it recommended only for to performance reasons?wtorek, 20 października 2020 o 13:41:38 UTC+2 Stephan Merz napisał(a):Hello,your problem is not well specified because {S1, S2} = {S2, S1} but S1 \X S2 is different from S2 \X S1. Also, I don't understand your remark about the output: the cartesian product is a set, but its elements are sequences.Assuming that your operator takes a *sequence* of sets, i.e. Cartesian(<>), you can write the following in TLA+.Range(S) == { S[i] : i \in 1 .. Len(S) }Cartesian(S) ==   LET U == UNION Range(S)  IN  {s \in Seq(U) : /\ Len(s) = Len(S)                      /\ \A i \in 1 .. Len(s) : s[i] \in S[i]}However, TLC will not be available to interpret this because of the quantification over the infinite set Set(U). The following should work in principle (I haven't actually tried):Cartesian(S) ==   LET U == UNION Range(S)      FSeq == [ (1 .. Len(s)) -> U ]  IN  {s \in FSeq : \A i \in 1 .. Len(s) : s[i] \in S[i]}However, you probably want to override this operator definition by a Java method.StephanOn 20 Oct 2020, at 13:27, Mariusz Ryndzionek wrote:Hello,I need n-ary Cartesian product operator. Something that would do:Cartesian({S1, S2, .., Sn}) = S1 \X S2 \X .. SnThe output shouldn't necessarily be sequences. Sets will do.Is there already something like this in TLA+?Regards,Mariusz-- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "tlaplus" group.To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to tlaplus+u...@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/tlaplus/777d286f-858b-42c2-ac89-1d2eac77f01en%40googlegroups.com.-- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "tlaplus" group.To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to tlaplus+unsubscribe@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/tlaplus/8e33ff4b-097b-43a8-b58a-e35010782ae2n%40googlegroups.com. -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "tlaplus" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to tlaplus+unsubscribe@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/tlaplus/D6B92ECC-5325-4ADA-99BA-59CC601B9260%40gmail.com.